Der Burgerladen King Loui im Westend sieht nicht nur wahnsinnig hübsch aus, das Das Gemüse kommt vom Münchner Großmarkt um die Ecke, Chris guckt. King Loui, München. Gefällt Mal. Feinste Burger, selbstgemachte Limo und Milchshakes in besonderem Ambiente genießen. Wir machen die besten Burger in München auf Qualität. Daher gibt es im King Loui % saftiges Rindfleisch aus Bayern.
King Loui im Westend: Der vielleicht beste Burger der StadtEgal, ob vegetarisch oder mit saftigem Fleisch-Patty: Im King Loui in München-Schwanthalerhöhe bekommt jeder den Burger nach seinem Geschmack. King Loui, München. Gefällt Mal. Feinste Burger, selbstgemachte Limo und Milchshakes in besonderem Ambiente genießen. Der Burgerladen King Loui im Westend sieht nicht nur wahnsinnig hübsch aus, das Das Gemüse kommt vom Münchner Großmarkt um die Ecke, Chris guckt.
King Loui München Willkommen im King Louie Online Shop für Vintage inspirierte Mode VideoReem f/ Lil Herb, King Louie \u0026 Spenzo - Chicago Conscious (Remix) Wir machen die besten Burger in München auf Qualität. Daher gibt es im King Loui % saftiges Rindfleisch aus Bayern. King Loui, München: 56 Bewertungen - bei Tripadvisor auf Platz von von München Restaurants; mit 4/5 von Reisenden bewertet. King Loui, Kazmairstraße 37, , München. Online Essen bestellen bei King Loui über allconferenceservices.com Lecker, lecker!. Wähle aus Burger, Beilagen, Dips. Der Burgerladen King Loui im Westend sieht nicht nur wahnsinnig hübsch aus, das Das Gemüse kommt vom Münchner Großmarkt um die Ecke, Chris guckt.
Toppings are as boundless as your personal palate and imagination are willing to go. At King Loui, this essentiality of the burger is heard, understood, and implemented.
Since moving to Munich, the burger has become my humble refuge—the one place where I can find bread soft enough not to tear the inner flesh of my coddled American mouth in to red confetti shreds.
I appreciate the recommendation, but personally, I am far too fond of burgers to put them in any unnecessary competition.
Still, I do have a deep, emotional regard for any good ones and an unforgiving abhorrence for any botched ones. Does this restaurant offer delivery?
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English 5. German Louis began his personal rule of France in , after the death of his chief minister, the Italian Cardinal Mazarin.
He sought to eliminate the remnants of feudalism persisting in parts of France and, by compelling many members of the nobility to inhabit his lavish Palace of Versailles , succeeded in pacifying the aristocracy, many members of which had participated in the Fronde rebellion during his minority.
By these means he became one of the most powerful French monarchs and consolidated a system of absolute monarchy in France that endured until the French Revolution.
He also enforced uniformity of religion under the Gallican Catholic Church. His revocation of the Edict of Nantes abolished the rights of the Huguenot Protestant minority and subjected them to a wave of dragonnades , effectively forcing Huguenots to emigrate or convert, and virtually destroying the French Protestant community.
During Louis's long reign, France emerged as the leading European power and regularly asserted its military strength.
A conflict with Spain marked his entire childhood, while during his reign, the kingdom took part in three major continental conflicts, each against powerful foreign alliances: the Franco-Dutch War , the War of the League of Augsburg , and the War of the Spanish Succession.
In addition, France also contested shorter wars, such as the War of Devolution and the War of the Reunions. Warfare defined Louis's foreign policy and his personality shaped his approach.
Impelled by "a mix of commerce, revenge, and pique", he sensed that war was the ideal way to enhance his glory. In peacetime he concentrated on preparing for the next war.
He taught his diplomats that their job was to create tactical and strategic advantages for the French military. His mother had experienced four stillbirths between and Leading contemporaries thus regarded him as a divine gift and his birth a miracle of God.
In defiance of custom, which would have made Queen Anne the sole Regent of France, the king decreed that a regency council would rule on his son's behalf.
His lack of faith in Queen Anne's political abilities was his primary rationale. He did, however, make the concession of appointing her head of the council.
Louis' relationship with his mother was uncommonly affectionate for the time. Contemporaries and eyewitnesses claimed that the Queen would spend all her time with Louis.
Both were greatly interested in food and theatre, and it is highly likely that Louis developed these interests through his close relationship with his mother.
This long-lasting and loving relationship can be evidenced by excerpts in Louis' journal entries, such as:. But attachments formed later by shared qualities of the spirit are far more difficult to break than those formed merely by blood.
It was his mother who gave Louis his belief in the absolute and divine power of his monarchical rule. In , Nicolas V de Villeroy became the young king's tutor.
Anne exiled some of her husband's ministers Chavigny, Bouthilier , and she nominated Brienne as her minister of foreign affairs.
Anne kept the direction of religious policy strongly in her hand until ; her most important political decisions were to nominate Cardinal Mazarin as her chief minister and the continuation of her late husband's and Cardinal Richelieu 's policy, despite their persecution of her, for the sake of her son.
Anne wanted to give her son absolute authority and a victorious kingdom. Her rationales for choosing Mazarin were mainly his ability and his total dependence on her, at least until when she was no longer regent.
Anne protected Mazarin by arresting and exiling her followers who conspired against him in the Duke of Beaufort and Marie de Rohan.
Anne was virtually under house arrest for a number of years during her husband's rule. By keeping him in his post, Anne was giving a sign that the interests of France and her son Louis were the guiding spirit of all her political and legal actions.
Though not necessarily opposed to Spain, she sought to end the war with a French victory, in order to establish a lasting peace between the Catholic nations.
The Queen also gave a partial Catholic orientation to French foreign policy. This was felt by the Netherlands, France's Protestant ally, which negotiated a separate peace with Spain in Its terms ensured Dutch independence from Spain , awarded some autonomy to the various German princes of the Holy Roman Empire , and granted Sweden seats on the Imperial Diet and territories to control the mouths of the Oder , Elbe , and Weser rivers.
France, however, profited most from the settlement. Moreover, eager to emancipate themselves from Habsburg domination, petty German states sought French protection.
This anticipated the formation of the League of the Rhine , leading to the further diminution of Imperial power. As the Thirty Years' War came to an end, a civil war known as the Fronde after the slings used to smash windows erupted in France.
It effectively checked France's ability to exploit the Peace of Westphalia. Anne and Mazarin had largely pursued the policies of Cardinal Richelieu , augmenting the Crown's power at the expense of the nobility and the Parlements.
Anne interfered much more in internal policy than foreign affairs; she was a very proud queen who insisted on the divine rights of the King of France.
All this led her to advocate a forceful policy in all matters relating to the King's authority, in a manner that was much more radical than the one proposed by Mazarin.
The Cardinal depended totally on Anne's support and had to use all his influence on the Queen to avoid nullifying, but to restrain some of her radical actions.
Anne imprisoned any aristocrat or member of parliament who challenged her will; her main aim was to transfer to her son an absolute authority in the matters of finance and justice.
One of the leaders of the Parlement of Paris, whom she had jailed, died in prison. The Frondeurs , political heirs of the disaffected feudal aristocracy, sought to protect their traditional feudal privileges from the increasingly centralized royal government.
Furthermore, they believed their traditional influence and authority was being usurped by the recently ennobled bureaucrats the Noblesse de Robe , or "nobility of the robe" , who administered the kingdom and on whom the monarchy increasingly began to rely.
This belief intensified the nobles' resentment. In , Anne and Mazarin attempted to tax members of the Parlement de Paris. The members refused to comply and ordered all of the king's earlier financial edicts burned.
People in France were complaining about the expansion of royal authority, the high rate of taxation, and the reduction of the authority of the Parlement de Paris and other regional representative entities.
Paris erupted in rioting as a result, and Anne was forced, under intense pressure, to free Broussel. Moreover, a mob of angry Parisians broke into the royal palace and demanded to see their king.
Led into the royal bedchamber, they gazed upon Louis, who was feigning sleep, were appeased, and then quietly departed. The threat to the royal family prompted Anne to flee Paris with the king and his courtiers.
Beaufort, who had escaped from the prison where Anne had incarcerated him five years before, was the military leader in Paris, under the nominal control of Conti.
After a few battles, a political compromise was reached; the Peace of Rueil was signed, and the court returned to Paris. This situation did not last long, and Mazarin's unpopularity led to the creation of a coalition headed mainly by Marie de Rohan and the duchess of Longueville.
This aristocratic coalition was strong enough to liberate the princes, exile Mazarin, and impose a condition of virtual house arrest on Queen Anne.
All these events were witnessed by Louis and largely explained his later distrust of Paris and the higher aristocracy. It was not only that life became insecure and unpleasant — a fate meted out to many children in all ages — but that Louis had to be taken into the confidence of his mother and Mazarin and political and military matters of which he could have no deep understanding".
The Fronde years planted in Louis a hatred of Paris and a consequent determination to move out of the ancient capital as soon as possible, never to return.
Just as the first Fronde the Fronde parlementaire of — ended, a second one the Fronde des princes of — began. Unlike that which preceded it, tales of sordid intrigue and half-hearted warfare characterized this second phase of upper-class insurrection.
To the aristocracy, this rebellion represented a protest against and a reversal of their political demotion from vassals to courtiers.
Queen Anne played the most important role in defeating the Fronde because she wanted to transfer absolute authority to her son.
In addition, most of the princes refused to deal with Mazarin, who went into exile for a number of years.
The Frondeurs claimed to act on Louis' behalf, and in his real interest against his mother and Mazarin.
The Fronde thus gradually lost steam and ended in , when Mazarin returned triumphantly from exile. From that time until his death, Mazarin was in charge of foreign and financial policy without the daily supervision of Anne, who was no longer regent.
During this period, Louis fell in love with Mazarin's niece Marie Mancini , but Anne and Mazarin ended the king's infatuation by sending Mancini away from court to be married in Italy.
While Mazarin might have been tempted for a short period of time to marry his niece to the King of France, Queen Anne was absolutely against this; she wanted to marry her son to the daughter of her brother, Philip IV of Spain , for both dynastic and political reasons.
Mazarin soon supported the Queen's position because he knew that her support for his power and his foreign policy depended on making peace with Spain from a strong position and on the Spanish marriage.
Additionally, Mazarin's relations with Marie Mancini were not good, and he did not trust her to support his position. All of Louis' tears and his supplications to his mother did not make her change her mind; the Spanish marriage would be very important both for its role in ending the war between France and Spain, and because many of the claims and objectives of Louis' foreign policy for the next 50 years would be based upon this marriage.
Louis XIV was declared to have reached the age of majority on 7 September On the death of Mazarin, in March , Louis assumed personal control of the reins of government and astonished his court by declaring that he would rule without a chief minister: "Up to this moment I have been pleased to entrust the government of my affairs to the late Cardinal.
It is now time that I govern them myself. You [he was talking to the secretaries and ministers of state] will assist me with your counsels when I ask for them.
I request and order you to seal no orders except by my command. I order you not to sign anything, not even a passport.
Praising his ability to choose and encourage men of talent, the historian Chateaubriand noted: "it is the voice of genius of all kinds which sounds from the tomb of Louis".
Louis began his personal reign with administrative and fiscal reforms. In , the treasury verged on bankruptcy. However, Louis first had to neutralize Nicolas Fouquet , the Superintendent of Finances , in order to give Colbert a free hand.
Although Fouquet's financial indiscretions were not very different from Mazarin's before him or Colbert's after him, his ambition was worrying to Louis.
The court was left with the impression that the vast sums of money needed to support his lifestyle could only have been obtained through embezzlement of government funds.
These acts sealed his doom. Fouquet was charged with embezzlement. The Parlement found him guilty and sentenced him to exile.
However, Louis altered the sentence to life-imprisonment and abolished Fouquet's post. With Fouquet dismissed, Colbert reduced the national debt through more efficient taxation.
The principal taxes included the aides and douanes both customs duties , the gabelle a tax on salt , and the taille a tax on land. The taille was reduced at first; financial officials were forced to keep regular accounts, auctioning certain taxes instead of selling them privately to a favored few, revising inventories and removing unauthorized exemptions for example, in only 10 per cent from the royal domain reached the King.
Reform proved difficult because the taille was levied by officers of the Crown who had purchased their post at a high price: punishment of abuses necessarily lowered the value of the post.
Nevertheless, excellent results were achieved: the deficit of turned into a surplus in The revenues of the royal domain were raised from 80, livres in to 5.
To support the reorganized and enlarged army, the panoply of Versailles, and the growing civil administration, the king needed a good deal of money.
Finance had always been the weak spot in the French monarchy: methods of collecting taxes were costly and inefficient; direct taxes passed through the hands of many intermediate officials; and indirect taxes were collected by private concessionaries, called tax farmers, who made a substantial profit.
Consequently, the state always received far less than what the taxpayers actually paid. The main weakness arose from an old bargain between the French crown and nobility: the king might raise taxes without consent if only he refrained from taxing the nobles.
Only the "unprivileged" classes paid direct taxes, and this term came to mean the peasants only, since many bourgeois, in one way or another, obtained exemptions.
The system was outrageously unjust in throwing a heavy tax burden on the poor and helpless. Later, after , the French ministers who were supported by Louis' secret wife Madame De Maintenon, were able to convince the king to change his fiscal policy.
Louis was willing enough to tax the nobles but was unwilling to fall under their control, and only towards the close of his reign, under extreme stress of war, was he able, for the first time in French history, to impose direct taxes on the aristocratic elements of the population.
This was a step toward equality before the law and toward sound public finance, but so many concessions and exemptions were won by nobles and bourgeois that the reform lost much of its value.
Louis and Colbert also had wide-ranging plans to bolster French commerce and trade. Colbert's mercantilist administration established new industries and encouraged manufacturers and inventors, such as the Lyon silk manufacturers and the Gobelins manufactory , a producer of tapestries.
He invited manufacturers and artisans from all over Europe to France, such as Murano glassmakers, Swedish ironworkers, and Dutch shipbuilders.
In this way, he aimed to decrease foreign imports while increasing French exports, hence reducing the net outflow of precious metals from France.
They helped to curb the independent spirit of the nobility, imposing order on them at court and in the army.
Gone were the days when generals protracted war at the frontiers while bickering over precedence and ignoring orders from the capital and the larger politico-diplomatic picture.
Louvois, in particular, pledged to modernize the army and re-organize it into a professional, disciplined, well-trained force.
He was devoted to the soldiers' material well-being and morale, and even tried to direct campaigns. Legal matters did not escape Louis' attention, as is reflected in the numerous " Great Ordinances " he enacted.
Pre-revolutionary France was a patchwork of legal systems, with as many legal customs as there were provinces, and two co-existing legal traditions— customary law in the north and Roman civil law in the south.
Among other things, it prescribed baptismal, marriage and death records in the state's registers, not the church's, and it strictly regulated the right of the Parlements to remonstrate.
One of Louis' more infamous decrees was the Grande Ordonnance sur les Colonies of , also known as the Code Noir "black code". Although it sanctioned slavery, it attempted to humanise the practice by prohibiting the separation of families.
Additionally, in the colonies, only Roman Catholics could own slaves, and these had to be baptised. The War of Devolution did not focus on the payment of the dowry; rather, the lack of payment was what Louis XIV used as a pretext for nullifying Maria Theresa's renunciation of her claims, allowing the land to "devolve" to him.
In Brabant the location of the land in dispute , children of first marriages traditionally were not disadvantaged by their parents' remarriages and still inherited property.
Louis' wife was Philip IV's daughter by his first marriage, while the new king of Spain, Charles II, was his son by a subsequent marriage.
Johan de Witt , Dutch Grand Pensionary from to , viewed them as crucial for Dutch security and against his domestic Orangist opponents.
Louis provided support in the Second Anglo-Dutch War but used the opportunity to launch the War of Devolution in The threat of an escalation and a secret treaty to divide Spanish possessions with Emperor Leopold , the other major claimant to the throne of Spain, led Louis to relinquish many of his gains in the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.
Louis placed little reliance on his agreement with Leopold and as it was now clear French and Dutch aims were in direct conflict, he decided to first defeat the Republic , then seize the Spanish Netherlands.
Leopold viewed French expansion into the Rhineland as an increasing threat, especially after their seizure of the strategic Duchy of Lorraine in The prospect of Dutch defeat led Leopold to an alliance with Brandenburg-Prussia on 23 June, followed by another with the Republic on 25th.
The French alliance was deeply unpopular in England, who made peace with the Dutch in the February Treaty of Westminster. Reforms introduced by Louvois , the Secretary of War , helped maintain large field armies that could be mobilised much quicker, allowing them to mount offensives in early spring before their opponents were ready.
By , mutual exhaustion led to the Treaty of Nijmegen , which was generally settled in France's favour and allowed Louis to intervene in the Scanian War.
Despite military defeat, his ally Sweden regained much of their losses under the treaties of Saint-Germain-en-Laye , Fontainebleau and Lund imposed on Denmark-Norway and Brandenburg.
Louis was at the height of his power, but at the cost of uniting his opponents; this increased as he continued his expansion.
In , he dismissed his foreign minister Simon Arnauld, marquis de Pomponne , because he was seen as having compromised too much with the allies. Louis maintained the strength of his army, but in his next series of territorial claims avoided using military force alone.
Rather, he combined it with legal pretexts in his efforts to augment the boundaries of his kingdom.
Contemporary treaties were intentionally phrased ambiguously. Louis established the Chambers of Reunion to determine the full extent of his rights and obligations under those treaties.
Cities and territories, such as Luxembourg and Casale , were prized for their strategic positions on the frontier and access to important waterways.
Louis also sought Strasbourg , an important strategic crossing on the left bank of the Rhine and theretofore a Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire , annexing it and other territories in Although a part of Alsace, Strasbourg was not part of Habsburg-ruled Alsace and was thus not ceded to France in the Peace of Westphalia.
Following these annexations, Spain declared war, precipitating the War of the Reunions. However, the Spanish were rapidly defeated because the Emperor distracted by the Great Turkish War abandoned them, and the Dutch only supported them minimally.
By the Truce of Ratisbon , in , Spain was forced to acquiesce in the French occupation of most of the conquered territories, for 20 years.
This poor public opinion was compounded by French actions off the Barbary Coast and at Genoa. First, Louis had Algiers and Tripoli , two Barbary pirate strongholds, bombarded to obtain a favourable treaty and the liberation of Christian slaves.
Next, in , a punitive mission was launched against Genoa in retaliation for its support for Spain in previous wars. Although the Genoese submitted, and the Doge led an official mission of apology to Versailles, France gained a reputation for brutality and arrogance.
European apprehension at growing French might and the realisation of the extent of the dragonnades ' effect discussed below led many states to abandon their alliance with France.
French colonies multiplied in Africa, the Americas, and Asia during Louis' reign, and French explorers made important discoveries in North America.
Throughout these regions Louis and Colbert embarked on an extensive program of architecture and urbanism meant to reflect the styles of Versailles and Paris and the 'gloire' of the realm.
Meanwhile, diplomatic relations were initiated with distant countries. From farther afield, Siam dispatched an embassy in , reciprocated by the French magnificently the next year under Alexandre, Chevalier de Chaumont.
This, in turn, was succeeded by another Siamese embassy under Kosa Pan , superbly received at Versailles in However, the death of Narai, King of Ayutthaya , the execution of his pro-French minister Constantine Phaulkon , and the Siege of Bangkok in ended this era of French influence.
France also attempted to participate actively in Jesuit missions to China. By the early s, Louis had greatly augmented French influence in the world.
Domestically, he successfully increased the influence of the crown and its authority over the church and aristocracy, thus consolidating absolute monarchy in France.
Louis initially supported traditional Gallicanism , which limited papal authority in France, and convened an Assembly of the French clergy in November Before its dissolution eight months later, the Assembly had accepted the Declaration of the Clergy of France , which increased royal authority at the expense of papal power.
Without royal approval, bishops could not leave France, and appeals could not be made to the Pope. Additionally, government officials could not be excommunicated for acts committed in pursuance of their duties.
Although the king could not make ecclesiastical law, all papal regulations without royal assent were invalid in France. Unsurprisingly, the pope repudiated the Declaration.
By attaching nobles to his court at Versailles, Louis achieved increased control over the French aristocracy. According to historian Philip Mansel , the king turned the palace into:.
Apartments were built to house those willing to pay court to the king. With his excellent memory, Louis could then see who attended him at court and who was absent, facilitating the subsequent distribution of favours and positions.
Another tool Louis used to control his nobility was censorship, which often involved the opening of letters to discern their author's opinion of the government and king.
Louis's extravagance at Versailles extended far beyond the scope of elaborate court rituals. Orte, von denen man nicht annimmt, dass es sie wirklich gibt.
Und wir staunen, wenn wir so einen Ort in der Wirklichkeit wiederfinden. Wir kommen dann in unser eigenen Vorstellung an. Ganz bei uns selbst.
Verstehen Sie es bitte nicht als Spleen, sondern als Zeichen unserer Wertschätzung Ihnen gegenüber als unseren Gast, wenn wir schlaflose Nächte wegen der Auswahl der Badezimmerfliesen haben.
Oder wenn wir wochenlang darüber streiten, welche Gurken wir für unseren Akori Gin Tonic verwenden sollen.
Wir haben uns übrigens auf Asaduke Gurken geeinigt!Teilen Sie eine weitere Erfahrung, bevor Sie diese Seite verlassen. Ist das Giochi Gratis On Line Eintrag? Der Service passt, das Lokal ist etwas ungemütlich. Man erwartet ein zusätzliches Patty und nichtwenn man es schon auswählt. InPhilip transferred the asiento the right to supply slaves to Spanish colonies to France, alienating English traders. Stake7 Modern History Sourcebook. Zur Seite. History — Seventeenth-Century Europe. Some historians point out that it was a customary demonstration of piety in those days to exaggerate one's sins. Wolf, John Babyspargel Schälen. Is this restaurant good for lunch? He may have been seeking to placate Pope Innocent XIwith whom relations were tense and whose aid was necessary to determine the outcome of a succession crisis in the Electorate of Cologne. Retrieved 4 May These actions enraged Britain and the Dutch Republic. I've been exploring for a while around the city looking for breakfasts, meals, bars, etc. King Loui, München. K likes. Feinste Burger, selbstgemachte Limo und Milchshakes in besonderem Ambiente genießen.5/5. The Menu for King Loui from München has 31 Dishes. Order from the menu or find more Restaurants in München. The store will not work correctly in the case when cookies are disabled.