Sejong (kor.: 세종; * Mai , Hanseong, Joseon; † 8. April , ebenda) war während seiner Regierungszeit von 14der 4. König der. König Sejong der Große von Korea erfand die koreanische Schrift als hangul bekannt. Erfahren Sie mehr über sein Leben, Herrschaft und. König Sejong () dagegen war der Humanist, dessen Interesse und Bemühungen sich auf die Menschen konzentrierten und deren.
Biografie von König Sejong der Große von Korea, Gelehrter und FührerDie König-Sejong-Station (kor.: 세종과학기지, Sejong Gwahak Giji; engl.: King Sejong Station) ist eine südkoreanische Forschungsstation in der Antarktis. König Sejong der Große. Das ewige Licht Koreas. | Bae, Kichan | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch. König Sejong der Große von Korea erfand die koreanische Schrift als hangul bekannt. Erfahren Sie mehr über sein Leben, Herrschaft und.
It seems likely that his experience with princely strife and his willingness to execute troublesome family members helped encourage his first two sons to step aside without a murmur and allow King Taejong's third and favorite son to become King Sejong.
King Taejong had always been an effective military strategist and leader and continued to guide Joseon military planning for the first four years of Sejong's reign.
Sejong was a quick study and also loved science and technology, so he introduced a number of organizational and technological improvements to his kingdom's military forces.
Although gunpowder had been used for centuries in Korea, its employment in advanced weaponry expanded markedly under Sejong. He supported the development of new types of cannons and mortars, as well as rocket-like "fire arrows" that functioned in a similar way to modern rocket-propelled grenades RPGs.
This military force set out to confront the Japanese pirates, or wako , who operated out of Tsushima Island while harrying shipping, stealing trade goods, and kidnapping Korean and Chinese subjects.
By September of that year, the Korean troops had defeated the pirates, killing nearly of them, and rescuing almost Chinese kidnap victims and eight Koreans.
This expedition would bear important fruit later in Sejong's reign. In , the daimyo of Tsushima pledged obedience to the King of Joseon Korea in the Treaty of Gyehae in exchange for what he received as preferential trading rights with the Korean mainland.
King Sejong's queen was Soheon of the Shim clan, with whom he eventually would have a total of eight sons and two daughters. In addition, Sejong had seven lesser consorts who had the misfortune of never producing sons.
For farmers experiencing unsuccessful harvests, he reinstated a loan system that had been used during the Koryo Kingdom in which the government's stored surplus grains were loaned out to them to be paid back in kind with nominal interest.
King Sejong, a noted Confucian scholar himself, placed great emphasis on scholarship and education. He promoted research in the cultural, economic, and political heritage of Korea, and he sponsored many new developments in the areas of science, philosophy, music, and linguistics.
To encourage young scholars to devote their time to study, he established grants and other forms of government support. The most outstanding of his achievements by far was the creation of the Korean alphabet, or han'gul.
Previously, scholars had learned classical Chinese and had relied on the Chinese script for literary purposes, but Koreans did not have an appropriate script for their spoken language.
Until the invention of han'gul, they had used clumsy and cumbersome systems that made use of some Chinese characters for their pronunciation and others for their meaning to represent the vernacular language But Chinese, a language very different form Korean in its vocal patterns and sentence formation, could not represent Korean sounds and structure adequately.
Besides, the complexity of Chinese characters made the writing system too difficult for those other than the privileged few to learn and master.
King Sejong wanted to provide Koreans with a written means of expression other than the complicated Chinese system.
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Permanent link. Cite this page. Jump to: navigation , search. Previous King Sejo. Next Kingdom of Dahomey. King Sejong Institute Foundation is public institution under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, established to manage Korean language education abroad and the distribution of Korean culture.
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As a young prince, Sejong was favored by King Taejong over his two older brothers. As the third son of Taejong, Sejong's ascension to the throne was unique.
However, Yangnyeong's free spirited nature as well as his preference for hunting and leisure activities resulted in his removal from the position of heir apparent in June Though it is said that Yangnyeong abdicated in favor of his younger brother, there are no definitive records regarding Yangnyeong's removal.
Taejong's second son Grand Prince Hyoryeong became a monk upon the elevation of his younger brother Sejong. Following the removal of Yangnyeong as heir apparent, Taejong moved quickly to secure his youngest son's position as heir apparent.
The government was purged of officials who disagreed with the removal of Yangnyeong. In August , Taejong abdicated in favour of Sejong.
However, even in retirement Taejong continued to influence government policy. Sejong's surprising political skill and creativity did not become apparent until after Taejong's death in King Sejong reorganized the Korean government by appointing people from different social classes as civil servants.
He suppressed Buddhism by banning outside Buddhist monks from entering Seoul and reduced the seven schools of Buddhism down to two, Seon and Gyo, drastically reducing the power and wealth of the Buddhist hierarchy.
In , Sejong also ordered a decree against the Huihui Korean Muslim community that had had special status and stipends since the Yuan dynasty.
The Huihui were forced to abandon their headgear, to close down their "ceremonial hall" Mosque in the city of Kaesong and worship like everyone else.
No further mention of Muslims exist during the era of the Joseon. He collaborated closely with the Chinese Ming Dynasty. He opened three ports to trade with Japan.
King Sejong was an effective military planner. König Joseons wurde. Auch der frühe Tod seiner Frau und einige seiner Söhne setzten ihm zu.
Doch trotz dieser Beeinträchtigungen regierte er das Land, leitete die sechs Ministerien des Landes, kümmerte sich um die Stärkung des Staates und seines Militärs, sorgte sich um die Verbesserung in der Landwirtschaft, war an Wissenschaft und Technologie interessiert und schuf nicht zuletzt das koreanische Alphabet.
König Sejong starb am 8. So hatte er ein starkes Interesse daran, die Landwirtschaft durch Wissenschaft und Technologie zu fördern und so die Ernährungssituation des Volkes zu verbessern.
König Sejongs herausragendste und wohl bekannteste Leistung war die Entwicklung eines Koreanischen Alphabets Hangeul und der dazugehörigen Schrift.
Deswegen gibt es viele ungebildete Menschen, die gerne etwas niederschreiben würden, aber ihre Gefühle schriftlich nicht ausdrücken können.
Jeder soll diese Buchstaben zu seiner Erleichterung lernen und sie im täglichen Leben anwenden. Er sendete dreizehn Mal einen seiner Gelehrten nach China zu dem Phonologisten Huang Tsan, um sich Rat zu holen und war so beschäftigt mit seinem Projekt, dass seine Gelehrten am Hofe manchmal verzweifelten.
Auch erntete er erheblichen Widerspruch und Widerstände unter seinen Gelehrten, die an der traditionellen Verwendung der chinesischen Schrift festhalten wollten.
Jahrhundert über die Literatur seine Wiederauferstehung. Oktober in Südkorea zum nationalen Feiertag erhoben. Where did you first hear about Go!
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Almost finished We need to confirm your email address. To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you.Seoul: Samjung Munhwasa, King Sejong Institute Foundation is public institution under the Ministry of Culture, Sports Jackhammer Deutsch Tourism, established to manage Korean language education abroad and the Zeitzonen De of Korean culture. International Journal of the Sociology of Language.